Depth of Subject Defined

I truly appreciate getting my digital camera out to investigate new areas and see what intriguing subjects I can locate. Frequently when I do, I’ll stumble throughout a spectacular landscape that would make a good photograph.

Sadly, you often are unable to fit plenty of of the scene into a single frame to do it justice. This leaves you with two possibilities – both shoot a lesser element of the scene, likely getting rid of some of the in general impression, or take numerous shots that can be stitched into a panorama.

Panorama images is frequently quite easy, even though it does have to have you to strategy your picture in advance and be methodical with the way you shoot it. Follow these steps to assure your panorama pictures appear out just the way you intend.

Preparing Your Panorama Shoot

When photographing panoramas select a area with a reliable tonal range. Mainly because you are taking pictures a substantially wider angle than a frequent shot it is easy to end up with a scene with so a lot distinction that you lose most of the element.

Arizona panorama

Opt for a scene with an even degree of distinction in the course of so that you really don’t eliminate depth. Image by Jason Corneveaux.

Capturing in the severe midday sunlight is a certain way to build as well a lot contrast in your panoramas. Alternatively, shoot closer to the start or conclusion of the working day, or when the sky is overcast, as this will assist minimize the deal, letting you to seize element in all places of the scene.

Dawn and sunset can make for dramatic panoramas, but the quickly switching light-weight problems indicate you have to perform swiftly. Get to your site with lots of time to established up your machines so you you should not miss the critical instant.


You can photograph panoramas with a hand-held digicam, but you will realize far better results with a tripod. A panoramic head on your tripod is great, but they are really costly, and you can nevertheless attain some wonderful photographs with a regular tripod. You can use a spirit level to ensure your tripod is properly level.

Panoramic head for tripod

Panoramic tripod heads produce the best final results but are high priced.

Established your digital camera to shoot in JPEG instead than Raw. Uncooked documents give a lot more depth than we realistically need, and their huge file size can cripple your laptop when stitching shots together.

Stay away from employing filters, these as polarizing filters, when capturing panoramas, as they create extremely obvious colour adjustments at the edges of your shots, earning them hard to mix collectively when stitching.

Make a set of cardboard frames in different panoramic ratios (3:1, 4:1, 5:1 and so on). These are perfect for visualising the scene when you are at your taking pictures spot.

Placing Up

Mount your digital camera on your tripod in portrait fairly than landscape. This permits you to seize extra vertical element, supplying depth to your panorama.

Set your camera’s zoom to someplace all over its middle setting. This is in which lens distortion is at a least, which will make stitching the photographs considerably much easier.

Seem as a result of your camera’s viewfinder and assure you can in good shape all of your scene in. It is significant to incorporate extra of your scene than you in fact want, because you will shed some of it as a result of cropping for the duration of the stitching process. A superior rule of thumb is to test to comprise the portion of the scene you in fact want in the centre two thirds of the picture, supplying you a generous border prime and base.

Panorama with crop area marked

Leave a generous border around your panorama to allow for for cropping. Graphic by flickrolf.

Such as some foreground detail will incorporate depth and fascination to your panorama, but be aware that the nearer something is, the a lot more it is afflicted by alignment difficulties (called parallax error). When shooting, retain foreground objects away from image overlaps as significantly as possible.

Composition is just as significant in panorama photography as it is in any other sort will not get so bogged down in the complex facts that you neglect to photograph a visually interesting shot.

Have out a number of examination pans of your tripod to ensure that your panorama’s horizon is degree. This is also a very good time to figure out around how you will divide your scene into individual photographs.

Concentrate on an item in the foreground and use a slender aperture to give you utmost depth of discipline.

For consistency in between shots, lock as quite a few of the camera’s configurations as you can, which includes target, white stability (or use a preset), shutter velocity, and aperture diameter. This will make stitching and blending your panorama as quick as feasible. Some cameras give a panorama mode that locks all of these placing for you, primarily based on the initial impression you shoot.

Taking pictures

Choose a taking pictures route, e.g. still left to ideal, and stick with it. Commencing off just one facet of your scene, commence photographing. Work diligently but promptly to minimise any differences among your photographs, specially when capturing in swiftly changing lights ailments.

Get a great deal of overlap in between your pics – close to 50%. This presents you loads of pixels to participate in with when stitching your panorama.

Two photos with 50% overlap

Let an overlap of close to 50% between photographs to aid in stitching the panorama.

Be very careful in which you put your overlaps – steer clear of going objects these as persons or cars and trucks, and continue to keep break up traces away from any foreground objects or stand-out features in the scene.

When taking pictures various panorama scenes, separate them by capturing a body with your hand in excess of the lens. When examining your photos later on this would make it a lot less complicated to see wherever a single panorama finishes and another starts off.


Stitching your panorama with each other need to be simple if you’ve followed the suggestions higher than. You can either do it manually for utmost management over the final result, or use just one of the outstanding panorama stitching systems available, this sort of as AutoStitch.